What is the first thing that comes to your mind when you hear the word 'Artificial Intelligence'?
Probably Sci-Fi Movies, Robots, or Job Loss. But believe me, it’s not that complicated. It is something that we use in our everyday life.
Artificial Intelligence is no longer a myth, nor is it confined to movie theatres and Star Trek. But unfortunately, this revolutionary concept is surrounded by some commonly held misconceptions emanating from the internet, folk wisdom and word of mouth.
We've broken down some of these most widespread myths -- about Artificial Intelligence, that have been around for a while.
Myth #1 AI Is Going To Replace All Jobs
Fact: AI is a Job Creator, not a Killer. It complements human skills and creates more employment
While AI will be a threat to certain kinds of jobs, importantly, it will also create newer jobs and ultimately allow us to use people in smarter ways, enabling them to analyze what is coming out of the AI and perform higher-value work.
According to a report by Asian Development Bank, “A detailed analysis of occupation titles in India, Malaysia, and the Philippines found that 43–57 percent of new job titles that have emerged in the past 10 years are in ICT.”
Myth #2 Future Robots Will Have Feelings
While talking about the AI this is one of the biggest misconceptions that people have with increasing use of this technology. It is about the consciousness and feelings.
Fact: Experts says it’s just the projection of human emotions onto a machine -- a machine which will never have the same feelings as humans.
Humans are evolved by natural selection. Ego and a self-preservation instinct is a result of Evolution because otherwise, humans wouldn't have survived. On the other hand, Robots are machines made by humans that have no self-conscience, no ego, and have no self-preservation instinct.
What will happen if the machine starts feeling like a human? Well, the technocrats are trying to find whether it will really happen or not. But till now there is no result to worry about.
Myth #3 Artificial Intelligence Is Self-Sufficient
While talking about the artificial intelligence there is a belief that AI is entirely self-sufficient i.e. they can exist and run entirely on their own
Fact: Artificial intelligence may be the most advanced technology but they cannot run without human touch. This is just another myth fuelled by movies such as Terminator. The fact is that fully autonomous AI is still science fiction, and these machines are still largely dependent on humans, especially when it comes to learning on their own and performing complex tasks.
For example, consider the chatbots, most of these are generally limited to answering questions and handling simple transactions. However, chatbots must be manually trained by humans in order to get smarter. Moreover, the best consumer experience often requires a balance of human and machine, depending on the nature of the customer’s query and their ultimate intent.
Myth #4 Artificial intelligence is a threat to mankind.
According to Pew Research, more than 70% of Americans express wariness or concern about a world where machines perform many of the tasks done by humans.
Fact: As the quote says –
Artificial intelligence is a tool, not a threat
Restricted use of technology is always safe. The restricted meaning of intelligence in AI is that associated with superlative memory, calculative power, decision-making capacity, high speeds of action, etc.
Myth #5 AI: The Fancy Term for Robots
Fact: This is one of the biggest misconceptions that everyone has. Many people around the globe think that the AI means robots, but this not right. While thinking of a robot it resembles a machine that can walk, talk, move including all the actions that a normal human being does. The concept of the AI and robotics are completely different concepts. Robots are the programmable machines that can carry out an action, whereas the AI uses the algorithm in computer programs to do a set of task that requires human intelligence.
Myth #6 Only Giant Companies Are Using Artificial Intelligence
Since people relate Artificial Intelligence with futuristic robots, autonomous drones, and self-driving vehicles, they think that only an advanced tech company with billion-dollar budgets and extended teams of scientists and experts can afford to implement AI.
Fact: We all use AI in our everyday life, most likely on our way to work, communicating online with friends, searching on the web, and making online purchases.
Artificial Intelligence has already noted its existence in our daily activities through Amazon’s shopping recommendations, Facebook’s face recognition, Netflix streaming video, and intelligent digital personal assistants like Siri, Google Now, and Cortana. In fact, AI has been used for a very long time—since the very first video games.
Myth #7 Machines Are Greater Than Humans
One machine can do the work of fifty ordinary men. No machine can do the work of one extraordinary man.
Fact: Machines might work without asking for a leave, they may be extremely accurate, and faster. But from the time of civilization humans are the first to come on the planet, the machines came after the humans. The machines were developed to make the work easier. These cannot work until and unless the command is given to them.
Machines are certainly more adept at solving quandaries that benefit from their unique skillset, but humans hold the edge on tasks that machines simply can’t perform.
Moreover, it’s also about the trust factor and acceptance -- according to Pew Research, Seventy-six percent of respondents said they would not want to apply for jobs that use a computer program to make hiring decisions.
“A computer cannot measure the emotional intelligence or intangible assets that many humans have,” said one 22-year-old female respondent.
“Don’t put on someone else’s glasses for a long time or it can lead to different kinds of eye disorders! “ -- You must have heard this many times from your parents. The same analogy goes with myths, don’t let someone’s preconceived notions become your reality.
The hype and excitement around Artificial Intelligence have also led to exaggerated expectations and a lot of confusion about the current capabilities of this technology. If not corrected, these misconceptions may lead to erroneous beliefs resulting in collective blind spots about the state of progress in these fields. The bottom line is that while you should not believe the myths, you should believe in AI.