Nervous Breakdown: Know About The Causes and The Treatments

There are a number of reasons why people suffer from a nervous breakdown. Read here and find out the causes & treatment of this mental disorder!

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Though not considered as any specific medical condition anymore, nervous breakdown is still considered as a significant symptom of other mental conditions like depression, stress, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Nervous Breakdown: Know About The Causes and The Treatments

Symptoms Of Nervous Break Down:

Some of the common signs and symptoms of a nervous or mental breakdown are:

feeling anxious and depressed,

easily irritable and always teary-eyed

low self-esteem, hopelessness, and feeling helpless

shutting oneself from normal social situations

canceling the work appointments by citing the excuse of illness

disturbed sleep schedule

lack of motivation for healthy eating and keeping clean

forgetfulness and unfocussed

remaining continuously emotionally drained and physically exhausted

losing interest in things

lack of pleasure or fulfillment from things that normally bring happiness or satisfaction

unreasonable general aches and pains

finding it hard to get along with people

suicidal thoughts

decreased sex drive and lack of interest in menstrual changes

moving or speaking too slowly

frightening flashbacks and nightmares

A racing heartbeat, dry mouth, and sweating without any cause

In extreme cases, the symptoms may also include hallucinations, paranoia, delusions, and lack of insight.

Causes Of Nervous Breakdown:

Any unbearable emotional and physical stress and certain genetic factors can lead to a nervous breakdown.

Some of the common causes of nervous breakdowns are:

extreme grief

abusive relationships

traumatic experiences in the past

high-stress situations at home or at the workplace

family history of mental health conditions

personal isolation and pressure of social conflicts

chronic medical conditions or injuries

clinical depression or anxiety-based illness

complex grief

PTSD or acute stress disorder (ASD)

adjustment disorders

bipolar disorder


dissociative identity disorder (DID)

chronic pain and inflammatory conditions

Common treatments for nervous breakdown include:

Cognitive-behavior therapy or CBT

Medications like antidepressants or antianxiety

Avoiding sources of stress

Practicing relaxation exercises such as deep breathing and meditation

Practicing yoga and tai chi to do gentle stretching or movement accompanied by controlled breathing

Getting 20 minutes of moderate or 10 minutes of high intensity exercise daily

Going outside or pursuing hobbies

Talking to close family members or friends and sharing the feelings

Following healthy routine

Reaching out for support

Getting quality sleep

Avoiding the use of caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine and drugs

Nervous breakdown disables our mental ability to function properly on day to day basis when we experience periods of extreme sadness, anxiety, and hopelessness after a series of stressful events.

Mental Health

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