The Democratic and Republican Parties are the two major political parties in the United States with two different ideologies. The Democratic party corresponds closely with liberalism whereas the Republican Party corresponds to the conservative ideology. The political party ideology influences every aspect of governance and the policies adopted by the government. The political party ideology adopted by both parties also influences US policy debates. These policies are mostly related to the right amount of government control in the economy or in social behavior.
We all know that an individual’s political ideology and his choice of the party which he supports are correlated. But the fact that Americans hold very different opinions on economic and social issues. They are never staunch followers of any particular ideology and their views hardly fit properly onto a simple “left-right” continuum. That is the reason why many political scientists have supported the idea of a political spectrum that is based on individual beliefs and charts them on multiple dimensions.
Let’s have a look at the dominant political party ideology in the United States.
Conservative Political Ideology
Conservatives firmly believe that the government should be small, with limited powers. It should operate mainly at the state or local level only. They favor minimal government interference in the economical matters and its intervention should be limited to providing private sector-based solutions to problems. “Social conservatives” believe that the government should uphold traditional morality, and the government should impose strict restrictions on social-moral issues like contraception, abortion, and marriages. Conservatives are said to fall on the “right-wing” of the axis of politics, a convention that dates from the place where conservatives sat in assembly during the French Revolution.
One of the 2 main political parties in the United States, the Republican Party was founded in 1854 by anti-slavery activists, the Republican Party’s platform has also transformed over the years to deal with problems with concern to its constituents. Today, the core values of the Republican Party align with conservative ideology. Republicans follow the philosophy of individual freedoms, rights, and responsibilities. Republicans are more likely to favor a small government. They tend to support the concept of fewer people employed by the government and the limited need for government control and interference in society. They see big government as wasteful and an obstacle to getting things done. Their approach is more like Darwinian capitalism. They believe that strong businesses should survive in a free market rather than the government influencing and through regulation.
It is natural for the political parties to follow a political ideology, but do you know even the American Bar Association tends to have a soft corner for a particular political ideology. To know more, please read
Liberal Political Ideology
The definition of liberalism has changed over time, but modern-day liberals tend to believe that the government should intervene within the economy. Liberals believe that the government should provide and promote a broad range of social services and should maintain the well-being and equality across society. Liberals usually believe that the government shouldn't interfere in private sexual or social behaviors as they are related to individual freedom. Liberals are also labeled as left-wingers. Left-wing is a convention that dates from the place where supporters of the revolution sat in assembly during the French Revolution.
One of the main political parties in the United States of America. Founded in 1828 by supporters of Jackson, the Democratic Party is the world’s oldest active party. Although its platform has transformed repeatedly over the years, today the core values of the Democratic Party align with liberal ideology. Democrats promote and stress on equality. They give greater importance to equality and the government's responsibility in maintaining social and communal peace and harmony. Democrats believe that a government should play a more active role in society and its involvement should improve the quality of people’s lives and help achieve the larger goals of opportunity and equality.
Progressive Political Ideology
The term ‘Progressive' is employed interchangeably with 'liberal' by many while others argue that progressives and liberals are two totally different concepts. Those who consider these terms separate also argue that liberals believe in protecting previously disadvantaged groups from discrimination, whereas progressives believe it’s the government’s job to deal with past wrongs and shape up the systemic issues that caused those disadvantages within the first place.
Communitarians tend to support legislation that emphasizes the requirements of communities over the rights of the individual. they're likely to be economically liberal, but socially conservative.
The Green Party is the fourth-largest party in the United States. Founded in 2001, the Green Party favors a robust federal. Its candidates often fight for the principles of democracy, nonviolence, social justice, and environmentalism.
Libertarian Party and libertarian ideology
Libertarian Party is the third-largest party in the United States of America. It was founded in 1971 by people that felt that the Republican and Democratic parties failed to represent the libertarian intentions of the Founders. Libertarians favor the restricted government intervention in personal, social, and economic issues.
Nationalists tend to favor the interests of their nation. They believe in the prevalence of their nation over others.
These were the political party ideologies in the US. To know more about the political ideologies please read