Paranoid personality disorder (PPD) affected individuals behave in a suspicious and unusual manner. People living with this eccentric personality always think every other individual is thinking ill about them and is planning to harm them in some or other way. Apart from distrust, the other defining factors of this disorder are:
- Inability to confide in others
- Holding grudges
- Always wrong and finding demeaning hints in even the most innocent of comments or events
- Quick to anger
- Hostile nature
- PPD mostly affects men more than women.
Causes of PPD are still not clear but research says biological factors along with some environmental issues can lead to this disorder. Childhood trauma can also be counted as one of the causes. It has been observed that the chances of PPD are higher in families who have a history of schizophrenia and delusional disorders.
People with PPD will find their suspicious behavior normal. However, it will be offensive and unjustified for those around them. Their hostile, stubborn and sarcastic invites hostility from others and PPD patients take this hostility as a conspiracy against themselves and end up suspecting everyone around them.
PPD symptoms include:
- Depression and anxiety
- Distrusting others and alleging them to have hidden motives to harm them
- Unable to take any kind of criticism
- Finding hard to work in a team or any other individual
- Quick to get angry
- Hostile and defensive
- Remaining detached and socially isolated
- Always argumentative
Some of the PPD symptoms can be subsumed by the symptoms of other disorders like schizophrenia and borderline personality disorder.
How to deal with paranoid personality disorder:
Living with a person who has a paranoid personality disorder is never an easy task to accomplish. However, sometimes you just have to be able to do it. Here are a few ways to accomplish that:
- You are not the only person who is going through the paranoia, you have people with you who may be feeling that way
- Professional help can prove to be very useful and helpful and goes a long way
- Be empathetic, and go with the feelings and emotions and not just the facts
PPD can be easily treated but the most difficult part of the treatment is acceptance by the affected individual to get treatment. A PPD patient never finds his behavior abnormal or unwarranted. Treatment of PPD includes:
- talk therapy or psychotherapy and medications
It is hard to live or work with PPD patients as they never think that they are doing or thinking anything wrong. They can easily heal only if they accept their condition.