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Wear closed, light-colored, body-covering clothing. Ticks are easier to recognize on light fabrics. So they can be quickly removed before they reach the skin and sting.

Every year, the small arachnids in Switzerland sting around 10,000 times. Tick ​​bites are considered accidents and cost millions. Ticks can transmit Lyme disease or TBE (meningitis) to humans. Although 100% protection against tick-borne diseases is not possible, the risk of a tick bite can be reduced even with simple behaviors.

Protect against tick bites

As of May, avoid the forest and roadsides, scrub and undergrowth, as well as grasses and ferns up to a height of 1.5 m above the ground (up to 1500 m above sea level).

Wear closed, light-colored, body-covering clothing. Ticks are easier to recognize on light fabrics. So they can be quickly removed before they reach the skin and sting.

For skin and clothes, use a tick repellent.

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Remove the tick: Take the tick directly over the skin with tweezers or special tick forceps and pull it out perpendicular to the skin surface. Disinfect the stitching point.

The Federal Office of Public Health recommends that you get vaccinated at the family doctor.

A tick bite is classified as an accident and the treatment costs are covered by the accident insurance.


Felix Ineichen, ticks are especially active in spring. What is the best way to protect yourself from stings?

Felix Ineichen: After a stay in the forest, undergrowth and on meadows, the skin should be searched for ticks. Ticks are particularly common in the popliteal fossa, groins and armpits. Generally it is recommended to wear well-fitting bright dresses in the forest. On a light background ticks are easier to recognize and can be removed immediately before they reach the skin. Also beneficial is a tick repellent for skin and clothes.

Why are ticks so dangerous?

Tick ​​bites transmit infectious diseases to humans, and in Switzerland it is mainly the viral tick-borne encephalitis caused by the virus and the bacterial Lyme borreliosis.

Viral infection can cause meningitis and, in rare cases, severe brain and spinal cord disease in humans. In contrast to early-summer meningoencephalitis, Lyme disease is relatively common and causes inflammation of the skin, joints, heart and / or nervous systems. A lesser known disease that can also be transmitted from ticks to humans is called rabbit fever. In medicine, the disease is known as tularemia.

When is the risk of hare's plague particularly high?

The pathogens, bacteria called Francisella tularensis, also enter the body when ingested or inhaled through the mouth. Thus, hunters and gamekeepers are at risk because they have direct contact with wildlife. But also foresters can be infected, such as when bacteria-containing dust is whirled up. Such dust can come from the feces of diseased animals or from animal carcasses. So be careful when working on meadows, along slopes and underbrush. Especially when brush cutters or leaf blowers are used, infection is possible. In such situations, a dust mask provides protection.

How much does the so-called tick test, with which you can have a tick examined for Borrelia?

Only about 5 to 50 percent of all ticks are carriers of Borrelia, the bacteria that can cause illness. And infected ticks transmit Borrelia only when they were sucking for a long time after the sting, probably more than 24 hours. In many cases, such an examination of ticks makes no sense at all. Not to forget is: even if in a tick no Borrelia can be detected, an infection by another, unrecognized tick bite is still very possible. In this sense, the National Reference Center for Tick-borne Diseases NRZK has expressed itself. Tick-fast tests are not recommended.

What else is there for protective measures?

A protective measure already applied in Swiss forestry is the wearing of protective clothing which is impregnated with a tick-repellent agent. The active ingredient, permethrin, has long been used in many fields, including insect repellents. It can be absorbed through the skin, a carcinogenic effect is controversial. It is therefore necessary to weigh the protective effect against tick bites against exposure to the active substance.

Tick ​​bite: what to do?

In the warm season, ticks are also active again. Anyone who discovers a tick that has been bitten should know how to properly remove it and when to see a doctor.

Ticks like warm and moist skin. You should therefore carefully examine the following body parts:

  •  armpits
  • Shoulder
  • neck
  • hairline
  • navel
  • popliteal
  • elbow

Why do you have to remove ticks?

Ticks can transmit pathogens. To avoid this, ticks should be removed immediately. The pathogens of Lyme disease are transmitted within 16 to 24 hours. The bacteria enter the human body via the excretions of the tick. The transmission of the pathogens of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), on the other hand, already takes place during the sting because these pathogens are located in the salivary glands of the ticks.

Tick ​​vaccination only protects against meningitis (tick-borne encephalitis (TBE)) and not against Lyme disease.

You can read more about the course and symptoms of Lyme disease in our blog article.

Tick ​​bite or tick bite

Although one speaks colloquially often of a tick bite, one is stung by a tick. The mouth mold of the ticks consists of a lancing and suction device. To get the blood, the tick first cuts the skin. With the help of her barb, she sits down and sucks the blood over the Stechrüssel.

How to remove ticks properly?

To completely remove a tick, grasp it with a pair of tweezers, a tick card or a tick tweezers. Grasp the head of the tick and slowly pull it out. Check if you have caught the whole tick or if there are some mouthparts in the wound. Finally, disinfect the wound.

The following things should be noted when removing the tick:

Always use tweezers on the head, not on the body.

Do not try to burn off the tick or dribble it with oil or alcohol.

It is important that you remove the tick as soon as possible. If you do not have a suitable tool at hand, remove the tick with your fingernails.

Tick ​​bite: When should you see a doctor?

Normally, after a tick bite no medical examination is necessary. However, if one of the following situations occurs, going to the doctor is mandatory:

  • You can not or only partially remove the tick.
  •  After removal of the tick, an annular redness forms around the tick bite.
  • Some days after the tick bite, flu-like symptoms appear.
  • The tick bite is inflamed and begins to fester.

Unrecognized tick bite

If the tick is no longer in the skin, a tick bite is not always clearly visible. Based on the puncture site can not detect whether it is a tick bite or a mosquito bite. Disinfect the wound and watch the spot in the next few days. If any of the above symptoms occur, you should consult a doctor.

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Typically, home care is a specific type of service provided by professionally trained nurses or home health aides. These types of services are typically aimed to ensure that an elder person, suffering from medical conditions or not, stays in their home safely and independently.

These in-home care services will help the aging population:

• Meet their medical needs

• Get proper support at the right time

• Manage their chronic health issues

• Recover from any medical condition or setback and

• Live independently even with a disability.

These services are ideally provided by nurses, aides, as well as therapists in collusion with the physicians both in the short-term or long-term basis, depending on the condition of the patients, in their home.

Types of care services provided

With the type of service provider that you choose, different types of home care jobs may be provided in your place that will play a key role in achieving the highest possible quality of life.

• This type of professional care services ensures the safety and security of the patients

• It increases independence

• It eases medication management as well as ongoing medical conditions

• It will help the patients to avoid the need for any unnecessary hospitalization and

• It will help in the healing process after an illness, hospital stay, surgery or injury

The most significant fact is that all these possibilities can be enhanced within the familiarity and comfort of your home.

The jobs included

According to the set standards and rules of home care, the types of jobs and care responsibilities included in-home care are:

• Helping with daily the activities of the patient such as bathing, dressing, and eating

• Assisting with managing tasks safely around the house

• Providing companionship

• Helping in therapy and other necessary rehabilitative services and

• Short-term or long-term nursing care for any disease, illness, or disability that may even include IV therapy, ventilator care, and tracheostomy.

As said earlier, a home healthcare aide may also provide personal care and companionship services that may include:

• Grooming, using the toilet and all other forms of assistance with self-care

• Assisting with ambulation and transfer from bed to wheelchair and vice versa and from wheelchair to toilet

• Helping in preventing accidental falls, injuries and needle stick injuries

• Helping with meal planning and cooking

• Doing light housekeeping

• Doing the laundry

• Performing basic errands

• Reminding about the medication

• Escorting to keep doctor’s appointments

• Engaging in hobbies and other social activities and

• Supervising patients suffering from dementia or Alzheimer's disease.

Another form of home health care service is the private duty nursing care services that typically include:

• Monitoring vital signs

• Administering medications

• Ventilator care

• Care for diseases such as traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, ALS, MS

• Tracheostomy care

• Catheter care

• Ostomy or gastrostomy care and

• Feeding tube care.

All these services may be provided through short-term nursing services, physical or occupational therapy, medical social work, speech-language pathology, and other home health aide services.

If you want to take personal care and companionship, you may not need it to be prescribed by a doctor. However, private duty nursing care will need a doctor’s prescription whether it is provided in shifts or round the clock.

Choosing a professional

There are different types of professionals you will get providing home health jobs, whether it is a caregiver or a professional nurse.

However, when you make your choice just make sure that you look for the special quality that you want to have in the nurse or the home care aide.

• Ideally, you should hire someone who knows how to take care of others without their personal feelings and incumbrances coming in the way.

• You may choose to have a professional home health care service provider who will work one-on-one or as a team in your home but make sure that you hire as per your need and medical condition.

• Also, look for the core values along with the types of home care services provided so that you can avoid the home care catastrophe especially if you are looking for anything for the long term.

In short, you should hire a service provider who is passionate and knows how to do the right thing at the right time. this will only make the things look great but will also provide great results.

Home health registered nurses

In a home care setting, nursing jobs should be provided by registered nurses only. This will ensure that the patient gets proper medication, injection, and care but will also eliminate the chances of:

• Injuries

• Unnecessary hospitalization

• Chances of spreading any infection especially if there is a need for regular wound care and dressing and

• Any miscommunication with the primary physician.

Apart from their devotion, it is their professional training that will ensure that no emergency situations arise during the course of the treatment and care. They will know about the set standards of nursing and abide by the rules and regulations for hospice and home health care.

With their ongoing clinical training, these nurses will promote health, quality of life, provide more flexibility, convenience and success.

Hire a team

If need be you may also hire an entire team for providing the proper care to the patient at home. This team will not only include trained and professional nurses and physicians from reputed hospitals and nursing homes but will also have an effective and efficient back-end support staff. They will add to the success of the acre process with their role played just as desired.

These team of professional staffs may include:

• A supervisor

• A manager

• A transitional care navigator.

Working as a team will ensure the best care process is provided and the highest quality life of the patient is ensured.

Last but not least, you must conduct thorough research about the care agency that you wish to hire so that you know that you will get exactly what you need for them. If you are looking for specialized care then check their credibility and expertise in the specific area of your needs. This will ensure that you get the highest value for your money as well as our life.

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