Nutrient Management Practices Scheme for Indian Farmers
This article discusses about the various schemes launched by government for nutrient management in agriculture.
The Indian Government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi strongly felt the need to provide farmers with better nutrient management practices so that they are able to carry out more effective and productive fertile. He referred to the phrase ‘Sujalam Sufalam’ in Vande Mataram, which meant fertile and well-irrigated to say that good analysis of requirements of the soil can only meet the set targets. Therefore, the government came out with certain schemes to aid in this direction.
One of the most important schemes that were introduced was the Soil Health Card Scheme. Usually, farmers belong to rural areas and are therefore uneducated. They do not have the correct understanding of the crops and soil requirements to utilize them in an organized manner. The soil health card scheme makes them more aware of which type of crop can produce good yield on which type of soil. Farmers are also provided with a soil health card.
What Is Soil Health Card?
The soil health card is supposed to provide the farmers with details about the compatibility of a particular soil with the crop they want to grow. It will also list out the proper requirements of water and fertilizers to increase productivity. The details in the soil card include:
* The health condition of the soil
* Characteristics of the soil function
* The nutrient and water content in the soil
* Steps to improve soil quality
* Other important details of the soil
How Is the Soil Testing Performed?
The authorities of this scheme – Department of Agriculture staffs – collect the samples using revenue maps and GPS tools, which are then sent to the testing laboratories where tests are conducted on them by professionals. The samples are taken twice a year after the Rabi or Kharif crop is harvested. The samples are taken by cutting it into a ‘V’ shape to a depth of 15-20 cm. After the testing is done, experts dig in to find what's lacking in the soil. If they find that certain changes are needed, they will list out the suggestions accordingly. The State Government will be paid a fee of INR 190 for the testing work.
Benefits of the Scheme:
* Farmers can plant crops according to the soil type and health.
* The authorities will give a report to the farmers every 3 years about the soil quality. This reduces their burden of thinking about the changes in the soil meanwhile.
* Experts from this field will also be accompanying the farmers for more suggestions and guidance.
* It is made sure that the same person is carrying out the analysis of the soil so that it maintains consistency.
* The scheme will also increase their knowledge about the nutrient requirement of various type of soils.
Other Schemes That Were Launched for the Same Purpose
Here’s a list of a few more schemes that were launched for the same purpose:
- Soil Health Management (SHM)
This scheme was introduced under the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA). SHM seeks to increase the agricultural yield by optimizing the usage of chemical and bio-fertilizers, organic manures, micronutrients, etc. It also promotes conserving the natural sources of water, extending the number of staff and farmers, and focusing on other soil health management practices.
2. National Project on Organic Farming
This was introduced under the National Centre of Organic Farming (NCOF) at Ghaziabad. The regional centers are located in Bangalore, Jabalpur, Imphal, Bhubaneswar, Hisar and Nagpur. The scheme includes testing of organic inputs for case study and quality analysis of fertilizers. It will also provide support for organic production inputs.
The government is also trying its best to improve organic manures and promote the distribution of soil nutrients. It has also planned to set up new fertilizer control and testing labs and strengthen the existing ones.
All of the schemes that are implemented are truly genuine and aimed at improving the agricultural practices of the country. This will definitely act as a boon to the farmers as well as to the public benefiting from the results. This is because the better the farmers are trained and have expertise, the better they will be able to accustom themselves to the various components that will be introduced.