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Anatomy of a killing: How BBC exposed killing of women, children by Cameroon Army using Google Earth

A video emerged earlier this year, showing some armed men in uniform brutally killing a group of women and children, and triggered uproar across the globe. It was alleged that the video, released by Channel 4, showed killing of civilians by Cameroon's army over alleged links with dreaded terrorist group Boko Haram.

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A video emerged earlier this year, showing some armed men in uniform brutally killing a group of women and children, and triggered uproar across the globe. It was alleged that the video, released by Channel 4, showed killing of civilians by Cameroon's army over alleged links with dreaded terrorist group Boko Haram.

The Cameroon government denied the claim, saying that the video was not shot in the country and that the Army was being wrongly blamed for killing civilians. A statement was released by Cameroon Minister of Communication, Issa Tchiroma Bakary, to deny the claims.

"The video that is currently going round is nothing but an unfortunate attempt to distort actual facts and intoxicate the public. Its sincerity can be easily questioned," Bakary had said in his statement. While the statement came in July 2018, the government a month later said that seven members of the military were facing investigation.

BBC, however, decided to carry out a fact check of the video and the claims and counter claims around it. And the media group did so with the help of Google Earth. It based its investigation on three points - where exactly did it happen, when did it happen, and who is responsible for the atrocities. The BBC released its findings in a video titled 'Cameroon: Anatomy of a killing'.

Where:

The first 40 seconds of the video captures a mountain range with a distinctive profile. BBC journalists spent hours to match the range with the topography of northern Cameroon, but it failed to give desired result. After a tip off from a source, they studied the topography of a particular region and discovered that the range was near a village named Krawa Mafa, few hundred meters away from the Nigerian border. Other details in the video, such as houses and dirt tracks, were matched with the topography of the village and found to be same.

When:

This was the trickiest part of the investigation done by BBC journalists. Several bits and pieces were put together to identify the range of period when the civilians were killed. A building was visible on the satellite imagery but only till 2016, which suggested that the killings took place before that period. Another building was spotted to have come up in March 2015. Then, a path was traced which appeared only between January and July. The journalists also analysed the shadow of walking assailants on basis of concept of sun dial. After the whole analysis, it was confirmed that the killings took place between March 20 and April 5, 2015.

Who:

The statement released by Cameroonian Minister of Communication Issa Tchiroma Bakary was used for this purpose. For instance, the minister in his statement claimed that the weapons in the video were not the ones used by the Cameroonian Army, but BBC analysis showed that one of the guns used was Serbian made Zastava M21, which is used by some sections of the country's military. The minister also claimed that the dress worn by the assailants was one used for operations in forests. Bakary claimed that the soldiers in the said area wore desert-style uniform. But Cameroonian soldiers in the region in a Channel 4 video of 2015 were seen wearing forest-style camouflage, similar to those seen in the video.

The focus then shifted to a statement released by the government in August 2018, which named seven soldiers who were arrested and under investigation. The names mentioned in the video, such as Corporal Tchotcho, were matched with some Facebook profiles. A profile of Tchotcho Cyriaque Bityala, who was among the detainees named by the government. Two other soldiers, named in the government list, were identified in a similar manner.

The findings were shared by BBC with the Cameroonian government. Responding to it, the Bakary said, "Seven soldiers were arrested, disarmed. They are under investigation right now. I can confirm that all seven of them are in prison."



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Several US senators want intelligence services to investigate the increasingly popular application of Chinese origin

The United States will investigate the Chinese social network TikTok to determine if it can be considered a threat to national security. This network, in which users upload short videos of up to 60 seconds, has become one of the most popular among the American youth audience, with more than 27 million users in the country that open the app, on average, more eight times a day, according to company data leaked in the month of February.

A quick look at the social network does not in principle suspect big problems. Most of the videos are dances, memes, internal jokes, challenge videos and songs. It is a network with content in a more optimistic tone and much less serious than what can be seen on Facebook or Instagram.

But the origin of the application at a time of high commercial tension between China and the US and how fast it is expanding throughout the world (it already has more than 500 million active users) begin to worry some US senators.

Two of them, Democrat Charles E. Schumer and Republican Tom Cotton, have asked intelligence services to thoroughly study the operations of the social network. "With 110 million downloads in the US alone, TikTok is a potential spy threat that we cannot ignore." Senators request that the data that TikTok treasures from its users and whether there are filters or some type of censorship imposed from China be studied.

They also wonder if it could be used for foreign powers to influence the next US elections, as happened with Twitter and Facebook in the 2016 presidential elections. An FBI investigation concluded this year that Russia took advantage of these networks to disseminate propaganda during the electoral period favoring the candidacy of the current president of the country, Donald Trump.

TikTok, which has recently started expanding its advertising business in the US, says US user data is stored on local servers, not in China, but US security agencies fear that if the Beijing government presses To ByteDance, the Chinese company that owns TikTok, it will have no choice but to obey.

ByteDance launched the TikTok market in September 2017 as a combination of a previous social network, Douyin, with Musical.ly, an app born in Shanghai but with a US presence. that the company acquired that same year for about 800 million dollars. The exponential growth of the app has catapulted the valuation of ByteDance, now considered one of the most successful start-ups in the world, with a value close to 78,000 million dollars.

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Description:

The terminal is a text-based and command-line interface that lets developer type commands in the shell. The shell takes all commands and informs the operating system to execute commands. It is considered an essential productivity tool used in web development. It helps the developer complete daily tasks and saves time on creating commands.

Now, the web developer is using different tools to create a unique and innovative web design. Many tools are accessed on the terminal by the developer. Command tools are essential for each developer to create Web Design Services elegantly. Terminal offers flexibility and more skills to design a programming language. You might gain good skills to finish the job easily. Here some important terminal commands are described below

Curl:

It is a basic command-line tool which accessed for testing connections. It let you check the response header, download files, and remote data. Many options are available to control headers, authentication, cookies, and others. There are free tools are tested and installed at less time.

Tmux:

This is a crucial command for connecting different terminal into one session. Tmux is mostly accessed on the remote server and builds new tabs without issues. It assists develop programs on the terminal, add terminals and split-screen panes on the same terminal.

Tree:

Developers are using a tree which used a tiny command. You might acquire a visual representation of files. You can get a choice to filter results with simple commands. The tree works on each level and formatted with the contents. It is an elegant way to search for files.

Du:

It provides reports of space usage of directories and files. This command show available space on every folder. It helps you explore memory hoarder and simple to work.

Tar:

This is considered a Unix tool that allows work with a file. Tar assists you to gather different files on the single package. Tar is very simple to store and transfer files.

Git :

Ranges of tools are available for web developers to create a web design. Git is a defining tool for web dev that allows you to handle the project easily.

Htop:

The Htop is an alternative command to make a built-in task manager. This command offers an interface among several choices to control and monitor the system.

Grep:

It is used to identify string text which gets input from the file. It is simple to access to the content among regular expression. This command is handy to work with large files.

Ln:

The command lets you access files quickly and easily. Links are designed by using ln command in these days.

md5sum:

It has different applications on Web Development Services. It allows developers to verify the integrity of the files.

Bottom Line:

If you want to become a web developer, you must know about basic terminal commands. It helps web designers Service make the perfect website as per their needs. It allows you to attain success in working with the backend or front end. So, learn the terminal commands and install perfect one that suits to the web development 

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