Delete Collection?

Are you sure you want to delete this collection permanently?


Delete Collection?

Are you sure you want to delete this collection permanently?

Everyone has a Story to Tell and an Experience to Share!

Let’s Start Writing

All about Clinical Research Organization

The pharmaceutical industry is skipping all the spikes and becoming one of the most valued industries in the world.

But before getting out a simple medicine in the market, there are hundreds of process it needs to checks into. The cost of the medicine is at the top of the shelf. Pharmaceutical companies strive hard to cut down the cost of medicine and time [is money]. To make this possible, a company hire a clinical research organization. According to the research, it typically takes whopping one billion dollars to market out a drug in public.

What Is A Research Organization To A Pharma Company?

The word research talks about its covalent bond with Research and Development (R &D). It helps a pharma company or a sponsor company with their research work. The spectrum of research goes from the pre-clinical development of future products to post-marketing research activities.

In terms of a layman, the research organization takes care of the research and safety of a drug to the surveillance of drug safety after releasing in the market. To conduct research, one should follow up with the ICH GCP guideline. Well, it approximately takes up 12 years for a drug to travel from a laboratory to a cabinet. Hence, drugs making is a vulnerable task. The question that lies in the back of the mind of everyone is, “Why a big pharma company hire such research organization?’’ Let’s look over it in the next section.


The Answer to Why.

Big pharma companies have revenue in billions of dollars. So, why don’t they conduct their own research and surveillance? The answer is: It saves a lot of money and time of the company. How can it be possible? Pharmaceutical companies zoom in over the basic R &D but dig up more in the marketing and sales department. To care for research and development, they hire research organizations to conduct clinical trials.

A contract research organization is also called a biotechnology sponsor of the company. The big leaders in the pharma companies cut down their R & D cost by hiring the one and segregating the money on other activities in the company. It also helps the sponsor company to cut down the hiring process for the expertise.

Maintenance cost of the amenities is also shredded down. In the case, a pharma company doesn’t have a deep insight into how regulatory affairs work in a particular country, outsourcing is done to a research organization. Regulatory affairs imply a particular country interest. It also helps the company to have a legal presence in the county.

The contract research organization helps the sponsor company in many ways. To pry it more, a research company got a lot of complex processes. There is a conglomerate of the process that a research organization goes through or are involved in. Well, this industry is also fragmented according to the tier level.

According to reports, 55-60% of the market is controlled by Top 10 companies in the market. The research organization can work with many of the sponsor companies. Let’s look over the paramount departments in the clinical research organization.


Medical Department:

These organizations hire clinical people who help them to study and design clinical trials. It is one of the booming industry and got a lot of scope in the present and not to forget, in the future. They can be called a spinal cord of the medical field.

Legal Issues:

The regulatory affairs for the sponsor company are managed by them. They help them to obtain approvals from various imperative authorities.

Collect And Analyze:

There is a collection of data using various tools. The data management team ensures that the data is clean and helps to analyze it accordingly. There is a special biostatistics team that studies the data and interpret the results accordingly.

The outline of the article concludes that’s it’s a Win-Win situation for the biotechnology sponsors and the pharmaceutical companies.

Related Articles

The domain of fashion illustration is extremely great but many people out there do not know that. The focus of fashion illustration is not solely bounded to human portraits as objects, jewelry and even anything related to the media is considered a part of it. It is a diverse field and if you begin to explore the realm of the fashion industry then you will be exposed to so many new features and details. The notion of drawing illustrations is becoming the norm now and those who think that they want a fashion illustration for themselves but do not know how to get on can always look for fashion illustrators for hire. Working with professional illustrators can allow you to know about the spectrum of this industry better and in turn, diversify your knowledge as well.

Here is what you need to know to draw illustrations that simply stick out:

Anatomy of the silhouette

The one thing that matters the most in a fashion illustration is the proportions of the silhouette you are drawing. Flaws in the anatomy a drawing are easily observable and correctly them consumes a lot of time. You have to practice thoroughly before you proceed to draw the actual illustration and with every stroke of line, analyze if you have kept the proportions anatomically accurate. Once you know how to master the shape and proportions of the illustration, you can easily add a clothing item and adjust it accordingly. The pose matters too and it varies on the kind of clothing your illustration figure is wearing.

Bring purpose to your illustration

Illustrations are generally static visuals but to make your fashion illustration stand out, you have to add a flair of style and persona to it. If it is like any other static visual then it would look to stagnant and boring to the viewer. Analyze what you want to draw first and who your audience then decides how much space you need on the canvas to make it look visually appealing. From the clothing items to the hair of the silhouette, every such little detail matters. If you are drawing a certain pose then it is important to display movement or the illustration would look unmoving.

Use space wisely

It is an art itself to utilize the space you have wisely. You could be drawing a scene of a park and with the extra details; your main design figure would lose its significance. A background that is cramped with too many details is never considered visually appealing so you have to smartly align the objects on a blank canvas and not necessarily consume any space that you see. Try to keep a minimalistic and simple background so that the attention of the viewer does not divert to the background but sticks to the core figure of your illustration.

Patterns in design

Patterns play a key role in clothing and there are several kinds of it. Some patterns have existed as popular trends throughout history and they are still prevailing. Since these patterns have existed for centuries, each of these also has a story to tell. If you master the notion of understanding patterns and understand how to use them in a certain illustration, the process of illustration creation will become easier for you.

Perception varies

When you look at an illustration, you build a perception about it and it is likely that your observation would not be similar to others and other people would have different views about it. That is why it is said that illustrations entirely depend upon perception and it varies from person to person. The viewer is the one that creates meaning for what he sees but if you are drawing a fashion illustration then it is better to use simplistic visuals and try not to complicate the design too much.

Design optimization

A certain style is more often used for the anatomy of fashion illustrations. Some tend to stick to sleek fashion figures while some illustrators experiment various design styles and merge them together. However, you have to create your illustration in such a manner that it brings the attention of the viewer to the exact element you want his focus to be. The anatomy of fashion illustration varies from the standard proportions and you have to chance those proportions into a design that enhances the average anatomy features that we see. 

Reference Image